地址：北京市海淀区 中关村北大街127-1号北大科技园创新中心303-3室 Email：[email protected]
Public open space is highly contested within the contemporary metropolis. In Australia, parks are frequently dominated by sports programs at the expense of eco-systems, and social/hospitality programs. In China parks are usually dominated by passive picturesque green landscapes, without provision for more active programs. When parks do include multiple programs, these programs are usually isolated, with users of specific programs relegated to restricted areas without a sense of the full scope of experiences the park has to offer.
This project engages with a series of propositions that question this status quo. What if the large-scale buildings proposed for the site were considered landscape? What if each of the park programs (sports, ecology, hospitality) were spread throughout the park so that each could maintain intensity and continuity, but in such a way that they could reach all areas of the site? Could three distinct user groups enjoy the entire park without compromise? Could people (and native fauna) wanting to engage with nature meander the entire site without distraction of sports, cafes, and noisy playgrounds? Could a highly social person stroll continuously along the busiest places, avoiding quiet areas? Could sports fans exercise their way around the whole site, passing each and every energetic opportunity?
? 自然生态网络包含各种被激发的功能和设施，致力于创建一个有效的、可持续的生态环境。它在利用并拓宽原有河流的基础上，增加多层本地植物吸引昆虫和本地鸟类。人们身处公园大小不一的网络空间中，视线不受周边环境的 干扰。精心布置的路径为行人提供了通道，也为当地动物迁徙到更大的空间创造了机会。
Learning from our own networks approach to urban design, zones for sports, ecology, and hospitality programs have been distributed across the site in three clearly articulated networks. Each network extends to all edges of the site. Each part of each net adapts in width to accommodate its many and varying programs. Each overlaps the other at various locations. And finally, each of the networks are centred on a path or promenade to provide movement through or along the net.
What starts as a networked zoning strategy becomes three distinctly different and continuous formal and spatial landscape experiences: an Ecological landscape, a Hospitality landscape, and a Sports landscape:
? The Eco-net contains a variety of passive programs and facilities, all focused on providing a functioning and continuous ecological environment. It embraces and extends the existing canals and it adds a multi-storied indigenous vegetation to attract insects and native birds. Views out to the surrounding city are limited, the focus being within this network of ambiguous size. A carefully arranged path provides pedestrian access that leaves the opportunity for local fauna to use the net as means of migrating to other larger open spaces.
? The Hospitality-net contains programs that range in scale from the supermarket, to restaurants, tea houses, community clubs, kiosks, bandstands, playgrounds and picnic areas.
? The Sports-net contains among other things a running track with frequent circuit training stations, an indoor sports center with swimming pools, a half football ground, tennis and basketball courts; junior rollerblading track, and a hill of climbing slopes.
At the intersections of these nets, the coexistence of the two intersecting landscapes and programs is explored. One such intersection, where sports and hospitality overlap, results in a hybrid use, a sports clubhouse. Another, where sports and eco overlap, generates yoga platforms immersed in the trees.
The large scale architecture projects, the hotel and the market, sit within the hospitality landscape, and test and extend two old and quite humorous architectural strategies – the suitcase (a highly ordered, rectangular building refusing to give individual form to the differences in the program) and the string-bag or paper bag (a highly informal arrangement of elements refusing to cease giving individual form to its contents).
The hotel is a highly program-driven architectural brief. The repetition of the hotel rooms and their need for light and ventilation generates a series of long stretched out habitable beams that sit on a podium that contains the reception, and other communal functions and spaces. The sports club program also inhabits this podium. The form is a regular, rigid, and ordered suitcase, but with a large space cut out of it to provide light and fresh air – a filleted suitcase.
Ideally, supermarkets are big, blind, pragmatic boxes with services attached wherever they are needed. Rather than trying to squeeze some formal expression from this large-scale pragmatic box and its attachments, or resort to decorating the box and attachments with advertising, or perhaps breaking down the big-box with what might be considered acceptable human scale elements, BAU wrapped the entire pragmatic lump with a steel mesh screen that disguises the pragmatics with a metaphor, a folded, responsive, slightly expressive, slightly deceptive package – (not a string-bag but) a paper-bag.
Smaller pavilion buildings sit within each of the networks and respond to the forms, spaces, and programs of each of the nets. For example pavilions within the sports-net are rectangular and are oriented north south. Pavilions in the Hospitality-net are circular or have circles removed from their rectilinear forms. While there are no pavilions in the Ecological-net, seating and paving explore organic forms.
This park is driven by contemporary understandings of the actions of dynamic systems and the complexity sciences. It is not culture presenting itself as nature (at least not as the singular idea for the park). It is not a picturesque landscape compromised by the pragmatics of program. Nor is it a series of structured outdoor garden-rooms, manipulated to accommodate the sport and service facilities required. By weaving together the co-existence of three integrated but clearly articulated formal and spatial experiences, this park moves beyond the binary oppositions of the dialectic, or the ordering principles of axis, symmetry, or hierarchy. It explores the dialectic as a field of operation, and engages with other ideas of order, the chaotic, the irreducible, and the emergent - contemporary tools to reconcile the conflicting demands on public open space within the contemporary metropolis.
设计团队:景观组：Steve Whitford、郭列侠、袁尧、谈敏、王娟、王晨磊、师政婷、James Brearley；建筑组：罗怀利、荣昱
Project name: Qingpu Zhaoxiang Sports Park
Location: Qingpu District, Shanghai
Period : 2016-2019
Client: People's Government of Zhao Xiang Town, Qingpu District, Shanghai
Construction Area: 64,200 square
Construction Cost: 44,925,200RMB
Program: Circular fitness greenway, sports equipment field, turfed football field, basketball field, tennis field, BMX field, climbing wall, forest yoga field, children's playground, supporting service building and indoor playground
BAU Project Team:
Landscape Team: Steve Whitford, Guo Liexia, Yuan Yao, Tan Min, Wang Juan, Wang Chenlei, Shi Zhengting, James Brearley
Architecture Team: Luo Huaili, Rong Yu
Contractor: Shanghai Green Open Landscape Engineering Co., Ltd.
Engineer: Shanghai Construction Engineering Design and Research Institute Co., Ltd.
Photographer：Sun Jun A.J